Girolamo Moretti (1879 - 1963), the founder of Italian graphology, was a
Franciscan friar who displayed extraordinary talent and energy in establishing the
fundamental principles of his graphological method, an achievement which denotes brilliant
He started to take an interest in
1905 when he happened to read an article on the subject in a newspaper. After long,
patient research he devised a new experimental method that was to translate his intuitions
into scientific principles, some of which were absolutely new in the field of psychology.
Father Moretti was not a psychologist himself,
although he was a man of extraordinary sensitivity and intuition. He did not arrive at
graphology via psychology, but began his research directly with handwriting samples. He
started by analysing, very carefully, each gesture in motion on the paper (hundreds and hundreds of handwriting samples were examined)
and subsequently established the psychological implications of each gesture.
He regarded handwriting as the product of an
intense and complex neuro-physio-psychological activity.
His original system - made up of nearly one hundred graphological signs
- regards handwriting as the
result of the dynamic synthesis of all the graphological signs in the writing being
examined, inasmuch as handwriting is specific to the individual. Therefore, each writing
specimen is absolutely personal and unique. Actually, it is impossible to find two
handwriting samples that are exactly alike for the simple reason that it is impossible to
find two exactly identical people in this world.
For Father Moretti, the main task of graphology was
to identify in handwriting that which distinguishes one individual from the other. In
other words, he was searching for what exactly it is that makes two people different from
one other. He was very interested in investigating what made this difference unique.
In 1914 the first edition of his Trattato di Grafologia (Treatise on Graphology)
was published and then revised over and over again; it is now in its 13th
Other publications by Moretti, which are worthy of
At the end of this page I wish to highlight the Moretti Institute in Urbino, Italy, which is one of the most distinguished centres of graphology worldwide.
The Institute has got a very rich library where the best of Italian and foreign graphological publications crowds the shelves.
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