The number of schools where you can attend a three-year course on graphology comes to a dozen. 

They are located in the following regions: Apulia, Emilia Romagna, Latium, Liguria, Lombardy, Marches, Piedmont, Sicily, Tuscany, Veneto, Venezia Giulia. Some regions have more than one school. This is the case of Tuscany where, the Tuscan Institute of Graphological Sciences (Istituto Toscano di Scienze Grafologiche) is located in Florence, and a branch of A.Ri.Graf. (Associazione di Ricerca Grafologica) is located in Pisa.

The former follows the Moretti system whereas the latter applies the French system of Graphology.

The training costs vary from school to school. Any fees are, however, of little significance if not related to the number of lessons and to the quality of teaching given.

From experience I can say that a sufficiently good grounding in graphology requires several hundreds of hours of lessons over a period of time which must be long enough to allow the student to gradually digest the contents of his graphological studies.

Anyway, the best school can only give a solid basis. Then, the construction is up to the individual through constant study and practice.

I have an indelible memory of the metaphorical parting words spoken by one of my Masters: “Now that you are leaving, you are beginning (…) you have just earned your driving licence. Do not forget that to be good at driving is something more which requires a long time”. In plain terms, he meant to say that all the examinations passed (three in Theoretical graphology, three in  Handwriting Analysis, four in Psychology, etc. etc.) were just our driving licence.






¨ Those who follow the French system of graphology are divided into different typologies: graphologists who obtained their diploma from S.F.D.G. - Société Française de Graphologie; graphologists who obtained their diploma from A.Ri.Graf. (Associazione di Ricerca Grafologica) and AGIF (Associazione Italiana  Italo-Francese); graphologists who obtained their certification from Ce.S.Graf.; questioned documents experts; graphotherapists. The number of the French system trained graphologists amounts to 350 approximately.


(data kindly provided by A.Ri.Graf.)


¨ Those who follow the Moretti system of graphology are fundamentally divided into: graphologists who obtained their diploma/degree after a four/three-year course at Urbino University (about 700) or a three-year course at L.U.M.S.A.1 University, Rome (about 100); graphologists who obtained their certification after a three-year course in schools of graphology throughout Italy. Their number is unknown actually.


The total figure of graphologists in Italy is likely to be somewhere between 1000 and 2000.






In Italy, Graphology has had fruitful seasons, thanks mainly to the hard work of Moretti’s disciples and collaborators.

Every now and then, a chilly wind blows on Graphology and tries to slow down its growth.

At present, there are some hints indicating that it is healthy and flourishing. Although the graphological tool, when being used with professional competence, can be of great help to the individual as well as to his environment, it happens to be looked down on at both an academic and a scientific level. Scientists are still sceptical about Graphology. There are, of course, some exceptions; here I want to mention just a couple of them. They are two big names in the field of Medicine: Willy Pasini, professor of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Geneva University, former President of European Federation of Sexology, and Prof. Umberto Veronesi, the worldwide known oncologist from Milan, who, in several publications, have both supported the scientific value of Graphology.

It is to be hoped that prejudices against graphology will soon decrease. On the other hand, what is expected to increase is the desire for knowledge and mutual exchange among related professional persons, linked together by one equal interest: the human being.


The human being is too huge to be entirely embraced by Medicine, Psychiatry, Psychology or Pedagogy. Each one of these, like any science, finds out and brings along its pieces of “truth”. It is legitimate to state that also Graphology can contribute with its own piece to the knowledge of human nature.

Graphology is able to describe how someone is likely to act under some circumstances and why. Since there is some shortage of investments on research, graphology is still unable to explain what happens between the brain and the hand (or, in some cases, the foot or mouth when the hand is of no use to write, paint, etc.) which leaves visible evidence on paper of our invisible interior world.

This shortcoming comes in for criticism from scientists.

A lot of graphologists have a Psychology degree and a large number of psychologists believe that Graphology is valuable. Some psychologists who are against Graphology give the following explanation for their opposition: there are charlatans among graphologists.

Even if some graphologists may have poor competence and unprofessional conduct, could that prove that Graphology is valueless?

On the other hand, who could dare claim the nonsense of Psychology or Medicine because, as a matter of fact, there are some incompetent physicians and psychologists?


Graphologists and psychologists/psychotherapists/psychiatrists accomplish different tasks: the former describe, the latter heal.

Just one example may make the difference clear: by examining handwriting, a graphologist is able to detect - precisely and rather rapidly - if the writer fears change up to the point of being terrified when facing “the new”; he can also explain why this individual feels better at ease in doing certain jobs than in others but a graphologist is not qualified to treat any personality disorders, for instance obsessive neurosis. He is even expected to carefully avoid using any psychiatric terms.


In a nutshell, a psychologist and a graphologist can complement each other.

This truth seems to be acknowledged by a Second Level Master in  Developing Age  Graphology organised at Turin Univeristy, Faculty of Pedagogy in cooperation with Faculty of Psychology.



The future of Graphology will be bright if graphologists, despite contrary winds, stick to their approach, without losing heart, and continue to believe in the usefulness of their job accomplished with conscience and dignity with due respect of code of ethics.

Hopefully they will be brave enough to put themselves forward in those service sectors where graphology can be helpful to the well-being of the person, and will be humble and wise enough to single out what lies inside and what lies outside their province,

Most likely before long Graphology will share Psychology’s lot: to be accepted, after being long rejected, by the scientific community that will eventually bow to the facts: handwriting, through its symbolic language, reflects the personality of the writer.   

Between handwriting and graphological signs there are relationships which "are not based on a mathematical theory and cannot be established by scientific methods alone. We ought therefore to accept as a postulate what practice has made evident. The coordination of the graphic signs and their psychological interpretation, together with well thought-out syndromes, will result in a portrait which is true to the writer” 

(Ania Teillard, 1889-1978, graphologist, a follower of C.G. Jung, "The Soul and Handwriting", Scriptor Books, London 1993






Before I finish off I want to mention a couple among the many websites on GRAPHOLOGY:

  • www.tuttografologia.it, by Giuseppe Giordano, gives very useful information on Italian Graphological Associations, Bibliography, Journals, Schools (addresses, phone numbers, e-mails);

  • www.graphology.ws, by Nigel Bradley, Marketing lecturer at Westminster University of London.

    This website stands out for the richness of information given. It has several language versions. The contents are divided according to nations (France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, USA, …) and are about:

Although, in my view, each part of this site is well worth visiting, I find “Bibliography” extraordinarily interesting and helpful. 


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